As Canadians put more of their information online, they become increasingly attractive targets for cyber threat actors. Canadians’ exposure to cyber threats increases with the growing number of Internet-connected devices, such as televisions, home appliances, thermostats, and cars. As an individual, you may be the victim of cyber fraud and extortion attempts from cybercriminals. Actors can use cyber tools and social engineering to extort money or information from Canadian individuals and businesses. You may have heard of these techniques or you may have already been the victim of a cyber incident. Some of the most commonly used tools are adware, ransomware, denial of service, password cracking, pharming, phishing and malware. The good news is that even as the range of tools and techniques at the disposal of cyber threat actors continue to increase, the different tools and techniques at the disposal of businesses, organizations and everyday Canadians can protect against even the most sophisticated attempts.